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Q3 2023 Sees Global GDP Slow to Decade-Low at 4.9% Due to Property and Tech Issues

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China, the world’s second-largest economy, has experienced a slowdown in its economic growth during the third quarter of this year. Official data released on Wednesday revealed that China’s year-over-year growth rate for the July-September quarter was 4.9%, surpassing the 4.5% forecast made by analysts. However, this growth marks a deceleration from the 6.3% growth observed in the previous quarter.

On a quarterly basis, the Chinese economy expanded by 1.3% in the third quarter, in contrast to the 0.8% growth seen in the April-to-June quarter. Over the first nine months of the year, China’s economy grew by 5.2% compared to the same period in the previous year, aligning with Beijing’s target of approximately 5% growth for the entire year of 2023.

The National Bureau of Statistics in China warned that the external economic environment was becoming increasingly “complex and grave” and highlighted that domestic demand remained insufficient. This suggests that global factors and internal challenges are impacting China’s growth.

The Chinese government has recently introduced various policy support measures to bolster the economy, including investments in infrastructure, reductions in interest rates, and relaxation of restrictions on home-buying to stimulate the property sector.

Earlier this week, China’s trade data revealed that both exports and imports continued to decline, although the rate of contraction was slower compared to previous figures. The Chinese government has set a goal of achieving 5% economic growth for this year. Analysts anticipate that China will likely meet this target, but growth is expected to slow to 4.5% in 2024.

China’s growth was initially boosted by a surge in consumer activity, as people returned to shopping malls and restaurants following the lifting of “zero-COVID” restrictions in late 2022. However, this post-pandemic recovery appears to have lost momentum earlier than anticipated.

Retail sales, which serve as an indicator of consumer demand, increased by 5.5% in September compared to the same period in 2022. Meanwhile, industrial output, measuring activity in the manufacturing, mining, and utilities sectors, rose by 4.5% in September, similar to the previous month’s growth rate. The overall economic landscape in China is evolving, impacted by a combination of domestic and international factors.

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